Brief History of the Rush to Frack in NC
A short history of the rush to allow fracking in North Carolina.
- NC laws: groundwater protected as drinking water (>2.7 million private well users)
- ~2005 – new form of fracking widely used. Now: fracking in about 36 states
- 2008—NC shale gas areas published in geology journal, state officials begin to promote potential
- 2009-2010– NC legislative discussions of shale gas
- 2011-May, 2012—Shale Gas Study Bill passes, DENR study
- May-June, 2012—Sen. Bill 820—immediately legalizes fracking, allow forced pooling, minimal landowner protections, at least two years to develop regulations. Production permits as early as 2014, additional vote by legislature required.
- Senate Bill 820 (Sen. Rucho, R-Mecklenburg):
- Removes prohibitions for hydraulic fracturing, horizontal drilling and wastewater injection; Moratorium on permits until 2014
- Mining and Energy Commission-largely industry controlled; conflicting authority for environmental regulation, less than 5 yr supply!
- Allows “forced pooling” of unwilling landowners
- Pre-empts any local ordinances that ban or control
- Perdue Vetoed S820 on July 1, but House and Senate Voted to Override July 2 (House by one vote, probably an error)