Groundwater and surface water (rivers, lakes, and streams, etc.) make up North Carolina’s drinking water. Select from the following options and frequently requested topics to find resources to answer your drinking water questions, or scroll down to browse all our resources!
Your drinking water comes from either:
A private well(You use a well that serves less than 15 homes or 25 people)
Are you one of the more than 3 million private well users in NC? Most wells have never been inspected or tested for more than bacteria, even when state and local agencies knew of nearby contamination sites. CWFNC works for protection of groundwater and well users throughout the state.
If your well was installed after July 2008 (when the state began to require licenses for new wells):
Be sure to report any odd tastes or odors. You can also ask them for a copy of your water quality test results and a copy of your well certificate.
The Well Head Protection Program (WHPP) is a pollution prevention and management program used to protect underground sources of drinking water. These programs were intended by Congress to be a key part of a national ground-water protection strategy to prevent contamination of ground-waters that are used as public drinking water supplies. In North Carolina, development of a local Wellhead Protection Plan is not mandatory but, rather, is viewed as a valuable supplement to existing state groundwater protection programs. North Carolina’s WHPP is intended for city and county governments and water supply operators who wish to provide added protection to their local ground-water supplies.
Source Water Assessment Program Map Source water assessment differs from source water protection because it highlights factors that could potentially influence the quality of source water (such as known underground sources of contamination that could affect local groundwater, or other sources of pollution).