Clean Water for NC Fall Meeting Follow-Up Resources!

Our Fall Annual Meeting explored the Intersection of Civil Rights and Environmental Justice with guest speakers Naeema Muhammad and Belinda Joyner, who have years of experience as EJ leaders in NC and have utilized Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to address injustice in their communities.

As a follow-up to our meeting, we wanted to share some helpful resources to:

  • help you address environmental injustices in your own community
  • learn more about the intersection of Title VI and Environmental Justice
  • share recent reports from key agencies detailing the use of Title VI
  • And if you missed it, check out our Fall Meeting recording below!

CWFNC Fall Meeting: Discussion with Naeema Muhammad and Belinda Joyner

NC DEQ’s Anonymous Complaint Tool
This Anonymous Comment Tool allows members of the public to provide anonymous suggestions or complaints about an environmental concern or an incident of discrimination involving an environmental concern.

NC DEQ’s Community Mapping Tool
The North Carolina Community Mapping System is an interactive tool that allows the public to access, map, and analyze the state’s permitting and environmental data. For more information on how to use the tool, please go to the Community Tools page on our website.

NC DEQ’s Title VI Compliance Webpage
North Carolina’s DEQ has several documents and links with information on an overview of the policy, complaint forms and guidelines as well as recent actions taken by the department.

Title VI and Environmental Justice | US EPA
EPA’s webpage includes information from the agency on Title VI and Executive Order 12898 of 1994, which directed Federal agencies to incorporate achieving environmental justice into their mission. It also includes a chart highlighting the differences and similarities between the two.
Civil rights filing alleges discriminatory harm in NC hog operations permits
“True solutions to our climate crisis are those that protect the most vulnerable communities,” said William Barber, III with the N.C. Poor People’s Campaign. “Smithfield is doubling down on the cheapest and most harmful method possible for storing billions of gallons of hog waste without addressing the added harm to communities. These North Carolina permits to the hog industry continue a legacy of burdening communities of color with sickness and pollution.”

Civil Rights Enforcement Can Help End Environmental Racism
In this opinion article by The Hill on November 4th, 2020 the contributor, Avi S. Garbow, describes how the Civil Rights Act of 1964 might be used to address environmental racism.

What You Need To Know About Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
This feature from Earthjustice provides information on what Title VI is, how it can apply to environmental justice struggles, and a spotlight on a Title VI complaint in Uniontown, Alabama.

How environmental justice is shaping a new civil rights movement in the South
This piece from Scalawag Magazine is the final story in a series about how communities are responding to failing systems and major disasters in the rural South and related public health crises.

United We Grow – Collaboration for Racial Justice & Environmental Justice
This article from our Summer 2020 Clean Currents Newsletter highlights how social and racial justice is key to environmental justice, and vice versa.
Title VI: Increasing Equity, Transparency, and Environmental Protection in the Permitting of Swine Operations in North Carolina
This report provides information on the process for the recent Title VI complaint submitted in 2014 that NCDEQ issued a general permit for swine operations in violation of Title VI and EPA implementing regulation.

Improved EPA Oversight of Funding Recipients’ Title VI Programs Could Prevent Discrimination
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Inspector General conducted this evaluation to determine whether the EPA has implemented an oversight system to provide reasonable assurance that organizations receiving EPA funding comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Examining the Environmental Protection Agency’s Compliance and Enforcement of Title VI and Executive Order 12,898
The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights published this report in September 2016, to consider whether the Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) was complying with its environmental justice obligations. The Commission heard testimony from the EPA, experts and scholars in the field, and a majority of the Commission made findings and recommendations included in the report.

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964: 42 U.S.C. 2000d
This is where you can find the language of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Title VI Legal Manual: Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice
While it is the responsibility of the federal agencies which extend financial assistance to enforce title VI, the U.S. Department of Justice shall govern the respective obligations of these federal agencies regarding enforcement of title VI. Accordingly, the DOJ creates its guidelines and the legal manual provided at the link above.

Environmental Justice and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act: A critical crossroads
This legal article published by the American Bar Association, Section of Energy, Environment, and Resources, in it’s bi-monthly electronic newsletter, “Trends”, was authored by Albert Huang, senior attorney with the Natural Resources Defense Council in March 2012. This article focuses on the crossroads of EJ and Title VI with legal analyses.

As always, if you’d like to speak to one of our staff about an environmental problem in your community, contact us at or call (828) 251-1291!

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